Novel 1,5-benzothiazepin-4-(5H)-one derivatives (8a-8g) have been synthesized by intramolecular cyclization of 6 using propyl phosphonic anhydride (T3P) as a cyclodehydrating agent. The anti-angiogenic and anti-oxidant properties of the new derivatives were then evaluated. Compounds 8b, 8d, 8e, 8f and 8g exhibited very good inhibition of capillary proliferation, thus proving their anti-angiogenic properties. In addition, the in vitro antioxidant activities of these compounds were evaluated using diphenyl picryl hydrazine (DPPH), OH-, metal ion-chelating and NO (nitric oxide) assays, and the results compared with butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), a well known anti-oxidant. Compounds 8a-8g showed excellent free-radical scavenging activities in the metal ion-chelating assay, and compounds 8f and 8g showed nitric oxide radical scavenging properties at a concentration of 20-100 µg/mL, and are thus more potent than BHT.
The process of racemisation of atropisomeric biaryls was modelled by means of DFT calculations at an advanced B3LYP/6-31G* theoretical level. Thus, the detailed protocol of determination of the racemisation rate presented herein provides a practical prediction tool for elucidation of the configurational stability of atropisomers.
This study was aimed at highly stereoselective ring-opening of epoxides with acetic anhydride in the presence of molecular sieves 4Å as an efficient reagent. Yields of the 1,2-diacetates are uniformly good to excellent and the reagent may be recycled without the requirement for purification. High yields, short reaction times, ease of preparation and simple work-up procedure (filtration) are advantages of this method.
A new and simple synthetic methodology for the preparation of 3-arylpyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazine-5,7(6H,8H)-diones and 3-aryl-5-oxo-7-thioxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazin-5(6H)-ones by a one-pot three component reaction of barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid with arylglyoxals in the presence of catalytic amount of ZrOCl2∙8H2O as green Lewis acid and hydrazine hydrate at ambient temperature in water was reported. All of these pyrimidopyridazines derivatives have one clustered water molecule in their molecular structure. The use of ZrOCl2∙8H2O catalyst is feasible because of its easy availability, convenient handling, high stability, simple recovery, reusability, good activity and eco-friendly.
Indium (III) chloride (InCl3) and metaphosphoric acid ((HPO3)n) were found to be efficient and recyclable catalysts for the synthesis of 1,8-dioxooctahydroxanthene derivatives as biologically important molecules in high turnover numbers and rates. Several substituted xanthenes can be prepared in high yield and purity by direct reaction of cyclic B-diketones and aldehyde derivatives in the presence of a catalytic amount of InCl3 and (HPO3)n as Lewis acids and at ambient temperature under solvent-free conditions. This newly reported procedure profit some advantages such as short reaction times, high yields of products, cheap, easy to use, facile practical conditions, and wholesome with green chemistry without using harmful solvents.