A fast and facile one-pot procedure for the preparation of symmetric 5-Aryloyl-1,9-dimethyl-5,9-dihydro-2H-pyrano[2,3-d:6,5-d']dipyrimidine-2,4,6,8(1H,3H,7H)-tetraone derivatives by two-component reaction of N-methylbarbituric acid and arylglyoxalmonohydrates catalyzed by DABCO in ethanol at 50 ºC is described. This protocol has the advantages of environmental friendless, very simple operation, high regio- and chemoselectivity and moderate to excellent yields.
With the focus on calculating the equilibrium constant (Ka) of arsonic acids (RAsO(OH)2) in aqueous media, the behavior of both neutral and negatively charged species of some arsonic acids have been considered through the isodesmic reaction scheme with polarized continuum model of solvation. The relative pKa values of a number of arsonic acids were calculated using density functional theory (DFT), with methylarsonic acid (CH3AsO(OH)2) used as a reference molecule. Various basis sets such as (6-31G(d), 6-31+G(d), 6-311++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(2d,2p)) in conjunction with B3LYP computational method were examined. Finally the latter one was found to give better results. The results of applied B3LYP 6-311++G(2d,2p) method for pKa values of 25 arsonic acids in aqueous media showed good agreement with corresponding experimental pKa values. In this level of theory the average error was less than 0.3 pKa units. The type of substituent affected the acid strength, with electron withdrawing substituents lowering the pKa and electron releasing groups increasing it.
A new and simple synthetic methodology for the preparation of 3-arylpyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazine-5,7(6H,8H)-diones and 3-aryl-5-oxo-7-thioxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazin-5(6H)-ones by a one-pot three component reaction of barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid with arylglyoxals in the presence of catalytic amount of ZrOCl2∙8H2O as green Lewis acid and hydrazine hydrate at ambient temperature in water was reported. All of these pyrimidopyridazines derivatives have one clustered water molecule in their molecular structure. The use of ZrOCl2∙8H2O catalyst is feasible because of its easy availability, convenient handling, high stability, simple recovery, reusability, good activity and eco-friendly.
A green and efficient method for the synthesis of (4 or 5)-aryl-2-aryloyl-(1H)-imidazoles via self-condensation reaction of arylglyoxal hydrates in the presence of ammonium acetate using water as solvent under ultrasonic irradiation was reported. The reactions proceeded in high yields and very short reaction time. Introduced procedure is completely ecofriendly and don’t need any toxic organic solvent in all performing steps. In addition, we use computational chemistry for acquiring some information about the thermochemistry and geometrical structure of these imidazole derivatives.