A convenient, highly efficient and time economic method has been described for the chemo- and regioselective synthesis of 5-aryloyl-1,3,7,9-tetraalkyl-2,8-dithioxo-2,3,8,9-tetrahydro-1H-pyrano[2,3-d:6,5-dˊ]dipyrimidine-4,6(5H,7H)-diones derivatives by one-pot two-component reaction of 1,3-diethyl-2-thiobarbituric acid or 1,3-dimethyl-2-thiobarbituric acid with substituted arylglyoxalmonohydrates using commercially available zirconium (IV) oxydichloride octahydrate (ZrOCl2.8H2O) as green Lewis acid catalyst. This method is associated with some attractive characteristics such as good selectivity, very short reaction time, high yield of products, cleaner reaction profile, no harmful by-product, cheap and environmental benign catalyst, simple experimental and work-up procedure. This procedure does not require solvent separation and purification steps such as column chromatography.
A new and simple synthetic methodology for the preparation of 3-arylpyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazine-5,7(6H,8H)-diones and 3-aryl-5-oxo-7-thioxo-7,8-dihydropyrimido[4,5-c]pyridazin-5(6H)-ones by a one-pot three component reaction of barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid with arylglyoxals in the presence of catalytic amount of ZrOCl2∙8H2O as green Lewis acid and hydrazine hydrate at ambient temperature in water was reported. All of these pyrimidopyridazines derivatives have one clustered water molecule in their molecular structure. The use of ZrOCl2∙8H2O catalyst is feasible because of its easy availability, convenient handling, high stability, simple recovery, reusability, good activity and eco-friendly.
The title compound 3-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)pyridazine-4-carbonitrile was prepared by a one-pot three-component reaction of malononitrile with corresponding arylglyoxal in the presence of hydrazine hydrate at room temperature in water and ethanol. Its structure was also con?rmed by its IR, 1H, 13C-NMR, Mass spectral data and elemental analysis. The compound was crystallized in the monoclinic system, space group P21/c, a = 3.817(3) ?, b = 13.533(10) ?, c = 19.607(15) ?, B = 93.401(10)°, Z=4, R1 = 0.0906 and wR2 = 0.1422. The crystal structure of the compound also shows a weak intermolecular interaction between N1 atom of one molecule and N3 atom of the other molecule.
A green and efficient method for the synthesis of (4 or 5)-aryl-2-aryloyl-(1H)-imidazoles via self-condensation reaction of arylglyoxal hydrates in the presence of ammonium acetate using water as solvent under ultrasonic irradiation was reported. The reactions proceeded in high yields and very short reaction time. Introduced procedure is completely ecofriendly and don’t need any toxic organic solvent in all performing steps. In addition, we use computational chemistry for acquiring some information about the thermochemistry and geometrical structure of these imidazole derivatives.
The title compound 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7,7-dimethyl-7,8-dihydrocinnolin-5(6H)-one (3) was prepared via one-pot three component reaction of 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-oxoacetaldehyde with dimedone in the presence of hydrazine hydrate and studied by the single crystal X-ray diffraction method. Its structure was also con?rmed by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Compound 3 was crystallized in the monoclinic system, space group P21/c, a = 7.921(2) ?, b = 11.566(4) ?, c = 16.986(6) ?, B = 107.338(5)°, V = 1485.5(8) ?3, Z = 4, R1 = 0.0559 and wR2 = 0.1253. The crystal structure of 3 also shows a weak interaction between O3 and N2 atoms.
A regioselective synthesis of ethyl 6-aryl-3-propylpyridazine-4-carboxylates by one-pot three-component reaction of ethyl butyrylacetate with various arylglyoxals in the presence of hydrazine hydrate at room temperature in water was described.