This paper presents an empirical investigation to determine the important factors influencing on adoption of biofuels from consumer’s perspective. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among 211 randomly selected people who use green products in city of Tehran, Iran. Cronbach alpha is calculated as 0.812, which is well above the acceptable level. Using principle component with Varimax rotation, the study has determined five important factors including social commitment, product usefulness, infrastructure, management approach and customer oriented, which influence the most on adaptation of biofuels.
This paper investigates the effects of government trade policies as well as the rules and regulations on smuggling cosmetic products in Iran. The study considers the effects of five important factors including high tariffs and bureaucratic procedures, registration process, size and expire date, lack of accurate monitoring of distribution channels and government recent regulation failure on growth of smuggling cosmetic products in Iran. The proposed study uses structural equation modeling to examine the effects of these five components. The results indicate a positive and meaningful relationships between four variables including registration process (B = 0.84, P-value = 0.000), size and expire date (B = 0.86, P-value = 0.000), high rate of tariff (B = 0.88, P-value = 0.000) and government recent regulation failure (B = 0.97, P-value = 0.000) on growth of smuggling cosmetic products in Iran. In addition, the study has detected a negative and meaningful relationship between lack of accurate monitoring of distribution channels and growth of smuggling cosmetic products in Iran (B = -0.18, P-value = 0.000).