This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effect of real earnings management on audit fees in selected firms from Tehran Stock Exchange. The study gathers the necessary information from selected stocks listed in Tehran Stock Exchange. The proposed study uses the information of 63 firms over a four-year period from 2009 to 2012, which leaves us to have 252 data. Using some regression study, The study has confirmed real earnings management influences positively on audit fees in general. In addition, while real earnings management through an increase in sales does not influence on audit fees, the survey has concluded that real earnings management through increase in production costs as well as decrease in discretionary expenditures influences positively on audit fees.