A study on relationship between dividend changes with future profitability
, Available Online, March 10
Hassan Ghodrati and Abbas Hashemi PDF (296 K)
Abstract: This paper studies the relationship between dividend changes and future profitability of listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange. Using the information of 191 companies, the study has implemented some regression techniques. The results of the research model analysis indicate that the changes in dividend contain significant and important information content, for the future profitability and dividend changes, and have an important and positive impact on the future profitability of the company. The results also show that changes in dividend can improve the company's future performances and messages to recovery the activities and future performance of the company. However, the results have shown the greatest impact on the performance of the dividend changes, for a year after considered year and not for two years after. In other words, the information content of dividend changes are more about the performance of the next year and the information provided is lower in the next two years.
Keywords: Profitability; Dividends changes; Profit growth
Designing a model to improve first year student adjustment to university
, Available Online, March 7
Nasrin Nikfal Azar and Hamideh Reshadatjoo PDF (296 K)
Abstract: The increase in the number of universities for the last decade in Iran increases the need for higher education institutions to manage their enrollment, more effectively. The purpose of this study is to design a model to improve the first year university student adjustment by examining the effects of academic self-efficacy, academic motivation, satisfaction, high school GPA and demographic variables on student’s adjustment to university. The study selects a sample of 357 students out of 4585 bachelor first year student who were enrolled in different programs. Three questionnaires were used for collection of data for this study, namely academic self-efficacy, academic motivation and student satisfaction with university. Structural equation modeling was employed using AMOS version7.16 to test the adequacy of the hypothesized model. Inclusion of additional relationship in the initial model improved the goodness indices considerably. The results suggest that academic self-efficacy were related positively to adjustment, both directly (B=0.35) and indirectly through student satisfaction (B=0.14) and academic motivation (B=0.9). The results indicate a need to develop programs that effectively promote the self-efficacy of first year student of student to increase college adjustment and consequently retention rate.
Keywords: Adjustment; Academic efficacy; Academic motivation; Student satisfaction
Investigating the relationship between quality of life and mental health: A case study of steel industry
, Available Online, March 7
Ashraf al-Muluk Kamrani and Abdullah Shafiabadi PDF (296 K)
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between quality of life and mental health among regular employee who work for Esfahan Steel Company, Iran. The study uses two questionnaires, one for measuring quality of life, which is adopted from Goldberg and Williams (2000) [Goldberg, D., & Williams, P. (2000). General health questionnaire (GHQ). Swindon, Wiltshire, UK: NFER Nelson.]. In addition, the study uses another questionnaire, which is adopted from Juniper et al. (1994) [Juniper, E. F., Guyatt, G. H., Willan, A., & Griffith, L. E. (1994). Determining a minimal important change in a disease-specific quality of life questionnaire. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 47(1), 81-87.]. Using Pearson correlation ratio as well as stepwise regression technique, the study has determined a positive and meaningful relationship between quality of life and mental health care.
Keywords: Quality of life; Mental Health; General Health; Esfahan Steel Company
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