The paper deals with the performance analysis and optimization for Carbonated Soft Drink Glass Bottle (CSDGB) filling system of a beverage plant using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) approach. The CSDGB system consists of seven main subsystems arranged in series namely Uncaser, Bottle Washer, Electronic Inspection Station, Filling Machine, Crowner, Coding Machine and Case Packer. Considering exponential distribution for probable failures and repairs, mathematical modeling is performed using Markov Approach (MA). The differential equations have been derived on the basis of probabilistic approach using transition diagram. These equations are solved using normalizing condition and recursive method to drive out the steady state availability expression of the system i.e. system’s performance criterion. The performance optimization of system has been carried out by varying the number of particles and number of generations. It has been observed that the maximum availability of 90.27% is achieved at flock size of 55 and 90.84% at 300th generation. Thus, findings of the paper will be useful to the plant management for execution of proper maintenance decisions.
This paper discusses the mathematical modeling and performance optimization of CO2 cooling system of a fertilizer plant using genetic algorithm. The fertilizer plant comprises of various systems viz. shell gasification and carbon recovery, desulphurization, co-shift conversion, decarbonation- CO2 cooling, CO2 removal, nitrogen wash and ammonia synthesis, etc. One of the most important functionaries of a fertilizer plant is CO2 cooling system. The CO2 cooling system of a fertilizer plant has five main subsystems, arranged in series. We propose a mathematical model, which considers exponential distribution for the probable failures and repairs. We also use probabilistic approach and derive differential equations based on Markov birth-death process. These equations are then solved using normalizing conditions to determine the steady state availability of the CO2 cooling system. The performance of each subsystem of CO2 cooling system of a fertilizer plant is also optimized using genetic algorithm. The results of the proposed model of this paper is useful to the plant management for the timely execution of proper maintenance decisions and hence to enhance the system performance.