This paper presents a novel composite material produced by a natural reinforcement subjected to tensile test. The used reinforcement is made of Diss fibers. The Diss (Ampelodesma mauritanica) is a Mediterranean wild plant. This fiber is characterized in tensile according to ASTM standard. The results obtained show that the fiber Young’s modulus and the stress at break were very interesting and were similar to those obtained for some natural fibers such as sisal fiber. The composite was developed to study by three differing volume fractions of 20%, 30 % and 40 %.