Turning experiments were conducted on a novel aluminum alloy (LM6)/fly ash composite based on the response surface and face centered central composite design methodology. The effects of cutting parameters on surface roughness and tool wear were investigated. Multiple regression models were developed for the responses and the adequacies of the developed models were tested at 95% confidence interval using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique. Carbide inserts (Model: CNMG 120408-M5) were used for turning the specimens in a CNC turning machine (model: LT-16). The test for significance of the regression models, the test for significance on individual model coefficients and the lack-of-fit tests were performed using the statistical Design-Expert7.0v software environments. R2 indicated the model significance and the value was more than 97%, revealed that the relation between cutting responses and input parameters held good for more than 97% and the model was adequate.