This paper discusses the application of the Taguchi method to optimize the machining parameters for machining of GFRP composite in drilling for individual responses such as thrust force and delamination factor. Moreover, a multi-response performance characteristic is used for optimization of process parameters with application of grey relational analysis. An orthogonal array (L9), grey relational generation, grey relational coefficient and grey – fuzzy grade obtained from the grey relational analysis applied as performance index to solve the optimization problem of drilling parameters for GFRP composite. Taguchi orthogonal array, the signal-to-noise ratio, and the analysis of variance are used to investigate the optimal levels of cutting parameters. The confirmation tests are conducted to verify the results and it is observed that grey-fuzzy approach is efficient in determining the optimal cutting parameters.
This paper addresses a multi items volume flexible system for time dependent decaying items with the concept of machine breakdown and imprecise environment. In this study, partially backlogged shortages have been discussed. All the costs are fuzzified with signed distance method. Numerical examples are given to illustrate the theoretical results and sensitivity analysis is given to validate the results for various parameters.
The paper presents the development of flank wear model in turning hardened EN 24 steel with PVD TiN coated mixed ceramic insert under dry environment. The paper also investigates the effect of process parameter on flank wear (VBc). The experiments have been conducted using three level full factorial design techniques. The machinability model has been developed in terms of cutting speed (v), feed (f) and machining time (t) as input variable using response surface methodology. The adequacy of model has been checked using correlation coefficients. As the determination coefficient, R2 (98%) is higher for the model developed; the better is the response model fits the actual data. In addition, residuals of the normal probability plot lie reasonably close to a straight line showing that the terms mentioned in the model are statistically significant. The predicted flank wear has been found to lie close to the experimental value. This indicates that the developed model can be effectively used to predict the flank wear in the hard turning. Abrasion and diffusion has been found to be the dominant wear mechanism in machining hardened steel from SEM micrographs at highest parametric range. Machining time has been found to be the most significant parameter on flank wear followed by cutting speed and feed as observed from main effect plot and ANOVA study.
In this paper, we develop a two-warehouse imperfect production model under two cases: (i) model starts with shortages (ii) model ends with shortages. Most of the researchers proposed the models for perfect items but we develop for imperfect quality items, which is very realistic. Demand is taken as time dependent and dependent on the production. Holding cost in rented warehouse (RW) is greater than own warehouse (OW). Deterioration is taken as Weibull distribution in both OW and RW. Shortages are allowed and partially backlogged. The effect of learning on production cost is also considered. Learning from one cycle to other cycle, improve the efficiency of the organization. A numerical example including the sensitivity analysis is given to validate the results of the production-inventory model.
In recent years, major challenges such as, increase in inflexible consumer demands and to improve the competitive advantage, it has become necessary for various industrial organizations all over the world to focus on strategies that will help them achieve cost reduction, continual quality improvement, increased customer satisfaction and on time delivery performance. As a result, selection of the most suitable and optimal facility location for a new organization or expansion of an existing location is one of the most important strategic issues, required to fulfill all of these above mentioned objectives. In order to sustain in the global competitive market of 21st century, many industrial organizations have begun to concentrate on the proper selection of the plant site or best facility location. The best location is that which results in higher economic benefits through increased productivity and good distribution network. When a choice is to be made from among several alternative facility locations, it is necessary to compare their performance characteristics in a decisive way. As the facility location selection problem involves multiple conflicting criteria and a finite set of potential candidate alternatives, different multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods can be effectively applied to solve such type of problem. In this paper, four well known MCDM methods have been applied on a facility location selection problem and their relative ranking performances are compared. Because of disagreement in the ranks obtained by the four different MCDM methods a final ranking method based on REGIME has been proposed by the authors to facilitate the decision making process.
This paper presents a methodology to improve the strength or the Modulus of Rupture (MOR) of fibre cement. The Six Sigma approach with the DMAIC steps was applied to a case study company. This research started from defining problem, setting the project objective and the project scope. Next, the measurement system was analyzed and the process map was set up. The potential factors of the problem was then determined. Due to there were many factors that affect the MOR, the Cause and Effect Matrix and the Failure Mode and Effect Analysis technique were then used to reduce the number of factors to be studied further. Next, three process factors, which were the pulp slurry freeness, the film-layer thickness, and the pressure step, were optimized using the results from the Box-Behnken experimental design. Other 13 remaining factors were improved by creating or revising the standard work instructions and training the operators. After that, the statistical process control and the control plan were set up to control the production processes. After improvement, the process capability index (Ppk) significantly increased from 0.26 to 1.35.
In this article, a framework is proposed to define and identify knowledge work intensity in jobs, quantitatively. For determining the Knowledge Work Intensity Score (KWIS) of a job, it is supposed that the job comprises some tasks and KWIS of the job is determined based on knowledge intensity of these tasks. Functional Job Analysis (FJA) method is applied to determine tasks of jobs and then Task’s Knowledge Intensity Score (TKIS) is computed by using Fuzzy integral method. Besides, importance weight and time weight of tasks are determined by utilizing appropriate methods. Finally, KWIS is calculated by a formula composed of tasks’ TKISs and the weights. For evaluating applicability of the framework, it is applied to calculate KWISs of two jobs (Deputy of Finance and service, Laboratory technician).
Wind farms are designed to supply power to the consumers at a minimal price. The cost of wind power production directly or indirectly depends on proper selection of vendors. The present paper highlights a model for selection and ranking of vendors for a wind farm based on fuzzy set theory to determine criteria weights and an additive ratio assessment (ARAS) method to analysis criteria values. The objective of the paper is to establish the ARAS method as an effective method for Vendor selection. A case study is shown to ascertain the proposed method especially when the criteria are interdependent and conflicting in nature. The result is validated with another popular MCDM technique, COPRAS, which shows that the models are effective and applicable, and provide decision makers with better solutions for decision making.
This study presents optimization of performance characteristics in unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastic composites using Taguchi method and Grey relational analysis. Performance characteristics such as surface roughness and material removal rate are optimized during rough cutting operation. Process parameters including tool nose radius, tool rake angle, feed rate, cutting speed, cutting environment and depth of cut are investigated using mixed L18 orthogonal array. Grey relation analysis is used to optimize the parameters and Principal Component Analysis is used to find the relative significance of performance characteristics. Depth of cut is the factor, which has great influence on surface roughness and material removal rate, followed by feed rate. The percentage contribution of depth of cut is 54.399% and feed rate is 5.355%.
Keeping in view the concern about environmental protection, the study investigates effects of remanufacturing in an integrated production inventory model consisting of forward and reverse supply chain over infinite planning horizon. This article is developed for the deteriorating products with stock dependent demand under shortages. To make the model more realistic, flexibility of production system has been incorporated during forward manufacturing. We derive total cost function and using the results of calculus, optimum production policy is derived, which minimizes the total cost incurred. The results are discussed with a numerical example to illustrate the theory.