Fracture parameters of a bi-material plate containing a cener crack and subjected to biaxial tensile loading was calculated numerically. Based on the crack tip stress field obtained numerically in a bi-material joint and using the finite element over deterministic (FEOD) method, the stress intensity factors (KI and KII) and also non-singular T-stress terms, were determined for different material properties and biaxial loading cases. Due to asymmetry of loading and material properties in the investigated dissimilar plate, the center crack experinces mixed mode I/II fracture in general. By increasing the bi-material constant value, which shows the difference between the mechanical properties of two materials, the amplitude of stress intensity factor decreases. The obtained results from this method were in good agreement with the displacment field method prevousiuly reported by other researchers.
In the present experimental study, two dissimilar sister aluminum alloys, 5083 and 5086, are welded through friction stir welding process. Different experiments are conducted on vertical milling machine through a fixture design and firm holding welding plates on it. These experiments are performed by varying welding parameters including welding speed, rpm, different pin profiles, tool tilt angle at five levels each. Two different mechanical properties of the welded specimen (i.e. tensile strength and percentage of elongation) have been tested and compared with the base metals to find out the joint efficiency. Also it is observed that rpm, tool tilt angle and different pin profiles make significant impacts on friction stir welded joints. Tool rpm increases the tensile strength to an extent. Also, tool pin profile affects the stirring or plastic flow of material under tool shoulder. It is shown through visual and optical analysis that surface finish and weld quality of joints depend on tool tilt angle.
The article is concerned with the research of the processes of formation of the structure and properties of systemically alloyed low carbon steel 10H3G3MF in initially hardened and initially cold-deformed condition at high speed thermal-cycle processing (TCP). Metallographic, dilatometric and fractographic analysis, transmission electronic microscopy and uniaxial tensile test and impact test (salt spray chamber) are used as the research methods. It is shown that the maximum fine crushing of grain structure of austenite to 1 micron with high speed TCP of the researched steel in initially cold-deformed condition occurs at the first cycle of heating to 900 ° C, at the same time nanostructural condition of martensite is realized with an average size of stick in the plane of the foil of 60 ± 10 nm, which results in a substantial increase of complex of mechanical properties. It was found that in all studied modes of high speed TCP the ? ? ?-conversion with heating in the inter-critical temperature range consists of three stages.
Various methods are available to reinforce concrete members and structures. Wrapping the concrete beams with composite sheets is one of the suggested methods for increasing the load bearing capacity of concrete beams and specially those containing opening. In this paper, the influence of using two composite sheets reinforced with carbon (CFRP) and glass (GFRP) is studied on increasing the strength of concrete beams having opening. A number of concrete beams with and without openings were modeled in ANSYS and using the nonlinear analyses, the initial cracking load, ultimate failure load, cracking pattern and deflection were determined numerically for each beam. Different wrapping schemes were examined for increasing the load bearing capacity of the opening section and it was concluded that wrapping from both inside and exterior of opening with the mentioned composite patches provide the most enhancement in the opening zone. Also the CFRP patch showed better performance in comparison with the GFRP wrapping.
This work illustrates the manufacturing of the honeycomb hexagonal topology structures by the kirigami technical, and the compressive testing of this specimen. The cellular configuration is simulated using a series of finite element models representing fullscale. The models are benchmarked against experimental results from pure compression tests. Finite element models of the honeycomb assemblies under compressive loading have been developed using nonlinear shell elements from an ANSYS code. Good agreement is observed between numerical nonlinear simulations and the experimental results.
This paper outlines the vibrational response of a cracked rotor in static and rotating condition through Campbell diagram. An open crack in the rotor changes its stiffness. The effect of which is seen on the natural frequency of the system. The natural frequency of the cracked rotor increases in comparison to un-cracked rotor. Experimental and simulation work is performed in the static condition to study the natural frequency of the rotor. Campbell diagram is generated through Simulation in ANSYS to study the critical speed variation at first (I) and second (II) Engine order (EO) line for cracked and un-cracked rotor.
Underwater structures are subjected to hydrostatic pressure during their service life. Sharp V-notched components can be seen as a part of many underwater structures. For example, welded components, machined parts, gears, screws and bolts are among the well-known elements that contain sharp V-notches. The notch tip is a likely zone for initiation of cracks due to high stress/ strain concentration. The reliability analysis of the V-notched components requires a good understanding of stress/ strain distribution near the notch tip. The fracture initiation of the V-notched components can be controlled by the tangential strain field near the notch tip. The tangential strain distribution and fracture initiation conditions are studied in this paper for notched components subjected to hydrostatic pressure. The effect of each tangential strain term on fracture initiation angle as well as tangential strain distribution around the notch tip is investigated using finite element simulation of a V-notched semi-circular specimen. It is shown that not only the singular terms, but also the “constants train field” significantly influence on tangential strain distribution and fracture initiation angle around the notch tip. The results of this paper can be used for standardization of the fracture in underwater structures containing V-notched components.
High performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (HPFRCC) are aggregates like cement grout with fine grains and fibers which can be used in many cases like seismic improvement of building components. One of these building components is connecting beam in coupled shear wall which can increase plasticity and energy absorption. In this paper nonlinear finite element model of coupled beam containing HPFRCC is analyzed and the influence diagonal reinforcement is investigated on cracking patterns, stress contours and hysteresis diagrams of shear wall. It was observed that diagonal reinforcements play significant role in shear load bearing capacity of shear wall coupled with HPFRCC beam.
This paper provides a method of acoustic emission (AE) technique to detect a train bearing fault of tapered bearing unit (TBU). An approach is to utilize acoustic emission signals which were captured from piezoelectric transducer and processed using Fourier transform. The transformed signals may contain unique characteristic features relating to the various types of bearing faults. The experiments on different operating conditions were investigated and they corresponded to (a) a normal bearing and (b) outer race defect bearing. The result is promising for faulty bearing identification and discrimination between different bearing conditions.
The use of solar energy has been adduced as an alternative way for generating electricity. This electricity is generated by solar panel but as temperature increases efficiency of panel decreases too. The main objective of this research paper is to minimize the use of the amount of water, electrical energy and required time needed for cooling of a solar panel. This paper discusses a new approach by acquiring water as a coolant for accomplishing Photovoltaic panels at their moderate temperature and limits it from overheating. It is the cheapest method to enhance the efficiency of the Photovoltaic panel in developing countries like India. This paper also analyses the material used in increasing the efficiency of PV panel.