In this paper, a new method is proposed for scheduling dynamic cellular manufacturing systems (D-CMS) in the presence of uncertain product demands. The aim of this method is to control the process of trading off between in-house manufacturing and outsourcing while product demands are uncertain and can be varied from period to period. To solve the proposed problem, a hybrid Tabu Search and Simulated Annealing are developed to overcome hardness of the proposed model and then results are compared with a Branch and Bound and Simulated Annealing algorithms. A Taguchi method (L_27 orthogonal optimization) is used to estimate parameters of the proposed method in order to solve experiments derived from literature. An in-depth analysis is conducted on the results in consideration of various factors. For evaluating the system imbalance in dynamic market demands, a new measuring index is developed. Our findings indicate that the uncertain condition of market demands affects the routing of product parts and may induce machine-load variations that yield to cell-load diversity. The results showed that the proposed hybrid method can provide solutions with better quality.
The evaluation and selection of energy technologies involve a large number of attributes whose selection and weighting is decided in accordance with the social, environmental, technical and economic framework. In the present work an integrated multiple attribute decision making methodology is developed by combining graph theory and analytic hierarchy process methods to deal with the evaluation and selection of energy technologies. The energy technology selection attributes digraph enables a quick visual appraisal of the energy technology selection attributes and their interrelationships. The preference index provides a total objective score for comparison of energy technologies alternatives. Application of matrix permanent offers a better appreciation of the considered attributes and helps to analyze the different alternatives from combinatorial viewpoint. The AHP is used to assign relative weights to the attributes. Four examples of evaluation and selection of energy technologies are considered in order to demonstrate and validate the proposed method.
Production engineers are frequently faced with the multi-criteria selection problems in the manufacturing environment. Over the years, many multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods have been proposed to help decision makers in solving different complex selection problems. This paper introduces the use of an almost unexplored MCDM method, i.e. range of value (ROV) method for solving cutting fluid selection problems. The main motivation of using the ROV method is that it offers a very simple computational procedure compared to other MCDM methods. Applicability and effectiveness of the ROV method have been demonstrated while solving four case studies dealing with selection of the most suitable cutting fluid for the given machining application. In each case study the obtained complete rankings were compared with those derived by the past researchers using different MCDM methods. The results obtained using the ROV method have excellent correlation with those derived by the past researchers which validate the usefulness and effectiveness of this simple MCDM method for solving cutting fluid selection problems.
Six Sigma is a strategic approach of significant value in achieving overall excellence. It helps to accomplish the organizations strategic aim through the effectual use of project controlled methodology. As Six Sigma is a project controlled approach, it is necessary to prioritize projects which give utmost economic benefits to the firm. In real practice, Six Sigma projects selection is very tough assignment because poor project selection also happens even in the well-managed organizations and this can weaken the success and trustworthiness of the Six Sigma practice. The present study aims to develop a project selection approach based on a combination of fuzzy and MADM technique to help organizations determine proper Six Sigma projects and identify the priority of these projects mainly in automotive companies. VIKOR and TOPSIS methods have been used to select the proper Six Sigma project composed with fuzzy logic. In this context, seven critical parameters have been considered for selection of finest alternative. The weights of evaluation criteria are obtained using the MDL (modified digital logic) method and final ranking is calculated through primacy index obtained by using fuzzy based VIKOR and TOPSIS methodology. A factual case study from automotive industry is used to investigate the efficacy of the planned approach.
The objective of this paper is to optimize the process parameters by combined approach of VIKOR and Entropy weight measurement method during Electrical discharge machining (EDM) process of Al-18wt.%SiCp metal matrix composite (MMC). The central composite design (CCD) method is considered to evaluate the effect of three process parameters; namely pulse on time (Ton), peak current (Ip) and flushing pressure (Fp) on the responses like material removal rate (MRR), tool wear rate (TWR), Radial over cut (ROC) and surface roughness (Ra). The Entropy weight measurement method evaluates the individual weights of each response and, using VIKOR method, the multi-objective responses are optimized to get a single numerical index known as VIKOR Index. Then the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) technique is used to determine the significance of the process parameters on the VIKOR Index. Finally, the result of the VIKOR Indexed is validated by conformation test using the liner mathematical model equation develop by responses surface methodology to identify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Multi-objective optimization is an optimization problem with some conflicting objectives to be attained, simultanously. This paper reviewed literature about multi-objective optimization problems for supply chain management. The review aimed to provide the lastest research views and recomendations for further studies. We discussed the lastest ten years publications about multi-objective optimization for supply chain management. The scope of this review was classified into five categories i.e. problem statements, multi-objective frameworks, mathematical formulation modeling, optimization techniques, and representation of supply chain. Multi-objective optimization approaches, both classical and metaheuristic approaches, were discussed, accordingly. In this review, we conducted conclusion and recomendations about likelihood research directions in future.
This paper analyzes the integration of two combinatorial problems that frequently arise in production and distribution systems. One is the Bin Packing Problem (BPP) problem, which involves finding an ordering of some objects of different volumes to be packed into the minimal number of containers of the same or different size. An optimal solution to this NP-Hard problem can be approximated by means of meta-heuristic methods. On the other hand, we consider the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows (CVRPTW), which is a variant of the Travelling Salesman Problem (again a NP-Hard problem) with extra constraints. Here we model those two problems in a single framework and use an evolutionary meta-heuristics to solve them jointly. Furthermore, we use data from a real world company as a test-bed for the method introduced here.
The teaching-learning-based optimization (TLBO) algorithm is finding a large number of applications in different fields of engineering and science since its introduction in 2011. The major applications are found in electrical engineering, mechanical design, thermal engineering, manufacturing engineering, civil engineering, structural engineering, computer engineering, electronics engineering, physics, chemistry, biotechnology and economics. This paper presents a review of applications of TLBO algorithm and a tutorial for solving the unconstrained and constrained optimization problems. The tutorial is expected to be useful to the beginners.
The machinability of a material can be defined as the ease with which it can be machined. Materials with good machinability property require less power to cut, can be cut quickly, and easily obtain a good finish without wearing the tooling much. Therefore, to manufacture components economically, production engineers are challenged to discover ways to determine machinability of materials which mainly depends on their mechanical properties, as well as on other cutting conditions. In this paper, the machinability characteristics of alloys of three materials, i.e. aluminium, copper and steel are studied applying grey TOPSIS (technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution) method. For each case, eight different alloys are considered whose machinability is evaluated based on different mechanical properties which are expressed in grey numbers. Using the adopted methodology, it now becomes easier for the manufacturers to select a particular alloy that can be easily machined. It is observed that A357RC, CuCr1Zr and AISI 5140 are the best machinable aluminium, copper and steel alloys, respectively. It is also found that the ranking performance of grey TOPSIS method remains unaffected with the variation in greyness of the considered mechanical property values.
The outset of new technologies, systems and applications in manufacturing sector has no doubt lighten up our workload, yet the chance causes of variation in production system cannot be eliminated completely. Every produced/ordered lot may have some fraction of defectives which may vary from process to process. In addition the situation is more susceptible when the items are deteriorating in nature. However, the defective items can be secluded from the good quality lot through a careful inspection process. Thus, a screening process is obligatory in today’s technology driven industry which has the customer satisfaction as its only motto. Moreover, in order to survive in the current global markets, credit financing has been proven a very influential promotional tool to attract new customers and a good inducement policy for the retailers. Keeping this scenario in mind, the present paper investigates an inventory model for a retailer dealing with imperfect quality deteriorating items under permissible delay in payments. Shortages are allowed and fully backlogged. This model jointly optimizes the order quantity and shortages by maximizing the expected total profit. A mathematical model is developed to depict this scenario. Results have been validated with the help of numerical example. Comprehensive sensitivity analysis has also been presented.