Differential Search (DS) algorithm is a new meta-heuristic for solving real-valued numerical optimization. This paper introduces a new method based on DS for solving Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problem (RCPSP). The RCPSP is aimed to schedule a set of activities at minimal duration subject to precedence constraints and the limited availability of resources. The proposed method is applied to PSPLIB case studies and its performance is evaluated in comparison with some of state of art methods. Experimental results show that the proposed method is effective. Also, it is among the best algorithms for solving RCPSP.
This is a study on the effects of multilevel selection (MLS) theory in optimizing numerical functions. Based on this theory, a Multilevel Evolutionary Optimization algorithm (MLEO) is presented. In MLEO, a species is subdivided in cooperative populations and then each population is subdivided in groups, and evolution occurs at two levels so called individual and group levels. A fast population dynamics occurs at individual level. At this level, selection occurs among individuals of the same group. The popular genetic operators such as mutation and crossover are applied within groups. A slow population dynamics occurs at group level. At this level, selection happens among groups of a population. The group level operators such as regrouping, migration, and extinction-colonization are applied among groups. In regrouping process, all the groups are mixed together and then new groups are formed. The migration process encourages an individual to leave its own group and move to one of its neighbour groups. In extinction-colonization process, a group is selected as extinct, and replaced by offspring of a colonist group. In order to evaluate MLEO, the proposed algorithms were used for optimizing a set of well known numerical functions. The preliminary results indicate that the MLEO theory has positive effect on the evolutionary process and provide an efficient way for numerical optimization.
Solving resource constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) has important role in the context of project scheduling. Considering a single objective RCPSP, the goal is to find a schedule that minimizes the makespan. This is NP-hard problem (Blazewicz et al., 1983) and one may use meta-heuristics to obtain a global optimum solution or at least a near-optimal one. Recently, various meta-heuristics such as ACO, PSO, GA, SA etc have been applied on RCPSP. Bee algorithms are among most recently introduced meta-heuristics. This study aims at adapting artificial bee colony as an alternative and efficient optimization strategy for solving RCPSP and investigating its performance on the RCPSP. To evaluate the artificial bee colony, its performance is investigated against other meta-heuristics for solving case studies in the PSPLIB library. Simulation results show that the artificial bee colony presents an efficient way for solving resource constrained project scheduling problem.