This paper presents an investigation on existing challenges in developing aviation industry in Iran. The proposed study designs and distributes a questionnaire among all specialists who are involved with design, production and distribution of aviation industry in Iran. Our interview has revealed that there were approximately 200 potential experts as population of our survey. The designed questionnaire consists of six parts in Likert scale in terms of linguistic terms. All six parts of the survey was designed based on four segments of aviation industry in Iran. Based on the results of this survey, appropriate structure for the legislative, availability of sufficient funds for purchasing private planes, public access to the airports and airport services and availability of supply chain management and technical service centers are the most important challenges in this industry. In addition, availability of various infrastructures such as runways, hangars and maintenance centers to access the industrial towns and insufficient support from relevant organizations such as the ministry of commerce, industry and mining, civil aviation organization and other organizations in the manufacturing and aircraft are among other most important challenges in developing this industry in Iran.