DFT calculations indicate that the decomposition reaction of nitroethyl benzoates in the presence of 1,3-dimethylimidazolium cation takes place much faster than in the case of the non-catalyzed process. Additionally, our calculations suggest one-step polar mechanism of title reactions.
Analysis of addent interactions with respect to the theory of electrophilicity and nucleophilicity indexes and kinetic studies shows the polar nature of [2+3] cycloaddition of (Z)-C-(m,m,p-trimethoxyphenyl)-N-(p-methylphenyl)-nitrone to (E)-3,3,3-trichloro-1-nitroprop-1-ene. However, PES exploration results do not confirm any zwitterion on the reaction paths. On the other hand, the nature of the solvent effect and the experimentally determined activation parameter values do not exclude a scenario in which one-step and stepwise processes occur simultaneously.